What is two-point perspective?
Two point perspective drawings are a popular drawing method used in the environmental design field to depict the interior and/or exterior of a building. It produces illustrations that that are more relevant to human experience and it allows an object or environment to be drawn from unique viewpoints. There are three types of perspective drawings, one-point (uses one vanishing point on the horizon), two-point (uses two points on the horizon) and three-point (uses three vanishing points).
Did you know?
The VCE Visual Communication Design Study Design identifies two-point perspective as a drawing method which is commonly used in the environmental design field. Students in VCE need only practice one and two point perspective drawing methods. Three-point perspective is NOT required.
Step One: Draw a horizon line
For this exercise, all you will need is some paper, a grey-lead pencil and a ruler. Turn your paper to ‘landscape orientation’ and rule a straight horizontal line through the middle of your page. These will act as guidelines, for now, so make your lines light so we can easily erase them later. Indicate where your two vanishing points will be on the horizon line.
Step 2: Designate how big you want your house
The vertical line indicated above (1) is the first guideline you should draw – this will indicate the height of your house. In the example above, the front face will be considerably longer than the side; therefore, I have strategically placed ‘line 1’ further to the right to allow room for this. Additionally, we need to allow for a roof, so ‘line 1‘ shouldn’t extend too high otherwise it won’t fit comfortably on the page. Horizontal lines will extend all the way to the vanishing points as indicated by 2. This will present us with the front and right hand side view of the house. Make a decision about the appropriate length for your house and add vertical lines to complete the sides (as indicated by 3).
Step 3: Adding another section
Your house may comprise of additional rooms, windows and eaves that extrude from the building. As an added challenge, we are going to add a section to the front of the house that extends outward.
Extend the guideline (as indicated by 1) on the right side to create the eaves. The further the line extends, the longer your eaves are. Complete the eaves on the front face by drawing a path to the left vanishing point (as indicated by 2). This will also help us to structure the additional room that extrudes out of the house. Apply the same rules to the ground plane as you did with the eaves. Draw vertical lines (as indicated by 3) until you reach the ground plane.
Step 4: Creating the roof
Before we create our roof, I have added a slight thickness to the top of the house (as indicated by 1) which will act as our gutter. On the right side of the house, I have drawn a guideline (indicated with a green line) from corner to corner to show the middle of that plane. Then, I have drawn a vertical guideline which will help us to define the peek of our rooftop. Draw two lines to form the triangular shape, and one line that recedes to the vanishing point on the left.
Step 5: Identify the visible lines
Congratulations, you’ve created the basic structure of your house – now is the time to clean up your drawing and make the visible lines more aparent. There are various ways in which you can do this, and it will depend on the finished presentation you are after. You could use a fine-liner to show the visible lines (like the example below), or simply erase the guidelines you know you don’t need. Rendering the house using coloured pencil (like the example on the right) is also a great way to present your finished drawing.
One you have cleaned up your drawing, consider adding details to your house such as the front door, windows and surrounding trees.